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Interchange 4th 1 wb. The audience knows that Medea feels alone, is extremely angry, and that has formulated a plan against Jason though we don't know the details.

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Most large companies hire a fulfillment service that takes care of a company's logistic needs. Despite investments, the chain struggled to win market share in the age of digital commerce.

E-commerce markets are growing at noticeable rates.

In , retail e-commerce sales worldwide amounted to 2. Brick and mortar retailers are struggling because of online retailer's ability to offer lower prices and higher efficiency. Many larger retailers are able to maintain a presence offline and online by linking physical and online offerings. Online and traditional markets have different strategies for conducting business.

Traditional retailers offer fewer assortment of products because of shelf space where, online retailers often hold no inventory but send customer orders directly to the manufacture. The pricing strategies are also different for traditional and online retailers.

Traditional retailers base their prices on store traffic and the cost to keep inventory. Online retailers base prices on the speed of delivery. There are two ways for marketers to conduct business through e-commerce: fully online or online along with a brick and mortar store. Online marketers can offer lower prices, greater product selection, and high efficiency rates.


Many customers prefer online markets if the products can be delivered quickly at relatively low price. However, online retailers cannot offer the physical experience that traditional retailers can. It can be difficult to judge the quality of a product without the physical experience, which may cause customers to experience product or seller uncertainty.

Another issue regarding the online market is concerns about the security of online transactions. Many customers remain loyal to well-known retailers because of this issue. E-commerce security is protecting business' websites and costumers from unauthorized access, use, alteration, or destruction. The type of threats include: malicious codes, unwanted programs ad ware , spyware , phishing , hacking , and cyber vandalism. E-commerce websites use different tools to avert security threats.

These tools include firewalls , encryption software , digital certificates, and passwords. However, the emergence of e-commerce has provided a more practical and effective way of delivering the benefits of the new supply chain technologies.

The affections on physical flows improved the way of product and inventory movement level for companies. For the information flows, e-commerce optimised the capacity of information processing than companies used to have, and for the financial flows, e-commerce allows companies to have more efficient payment and settlement solutions.

Yet these new capabilities are still not fully exploited. Thirdly, technology companies would keep investing on new e-commerce software solutions as they are expecting investment return.

Fourthly, e-commerce would help to solve many aspects of issues that companies may feel difficult to cope with, such as political barriers or cross-country changes. Finally, e-commerce provides companies a more efficient and effective way to collaborate with each other within the supply chain. It also causes job losses. The areas with the greatest predicted job-loss are retail, postal, and travel agencies. The development of e-commerce will create jobs that require highly skilled workers to manage large amounts of information, customer demands, and production processes.

In contrast, people with poor technical skills cannot enjoy the wages welfare. On the other hand, because e-commerce requires sufficient stocks that could be delivered to customers in time, the warehouse becomes an important element.

Warehouse needs more staff to manage, supervise and organize, thus the condition of warehouse environment will be concerned by employees. Consumers also gain power through online shopping.

They are able to research products and compare prices among retailers. Also, online shopping often provides sales promotion or discounts code, thus it is more price effective for customers. Customers can also review and track the order history online.

E-commerce technologies cut transaction costs by allowing both manufactures and consumers to skip through the intermediaries. This is achieved through by extending the search area best price deals and by group download.

The success of e-commerce in urban and regional levels depend on how the local firms and consumers have adopted to e-commerce. Customers are also concerned with the security of online transactions and tend to remain loyal to well-known retailers. This process is inconvenient as customers need to pack and post the goods.

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If the products are expensive, large or fragile, it refers to safety issues. We can distinguish pure-click and brick-and-click channel system adopted by companies. Pure-click or pure-play companies are those that have launched a website without any previous existence as a firm.

Bricks-and-clicks companies are those existing companies that have added an online site for e-commerce. Click-to-brick online retailers that later open physical locations to supplement their online efforts. Those channels may also be supported by conversational commerce , e.

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Conversational commerce may also be standalone such as live chat or chatbots on messaging apps [71] and via voice assistants. E-commerce requires the company to have the ability to satisfy multiple needs of different customers and provide them with wider range of products.

With more choices of products, the information of products for customers to select and meet their needs become crucial. In order to address the mass customization principle to the company, the use of recommender system is suggested.These countries have been highly characterized with consumer-packaged-goods CPG Geisler, Embeds 0 No embeds.

As such, retailers have launched Arabic-language websites as a means to target this population. In addition, the increasing expense of land along the eastern seaboard, shocked but already thinking about her "story? Interchange 3rd Edition Multimedia. We can distinguish pure-click and brick-and-click channel system adopted by companies. Yuldashev writes that consumers are scaling up to more modern technology that allows for mobile marketing.

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