ORIENTALISM, Edward W. Said, Islam, Western, History of Wertern Colonization , Colonization. 4 Islam and Edward Said An Overview by Golam Gaus Al-Quaderi · 5 Reflections on Exile by Edward Said · 6 Said, Edward () Orientalism. Read "Orientalism" by Edward W. Said available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download. More than three decades after its first.
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Orientalism by Edward W. Said, , Vintage Books edition, in English. Dogmas of the West" by Edward W. Said, in The New York Times Book. Review I have been reading about Orientalism for a number of years, but most of this. Said_Edward_Orientalism_pdf (file size: MB, MIME type: application/ pdf). Edward Wadie Said, Orientalism, New York: Pantheon.
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Orientalism Author: Edward W Said Publisher: New York: First Vintage books edition View all editions and formats Summary: The theme is the way in which intellectual traditions are created and transmitted Orientalism is the example Mr. Said uses, and by it he means something precise. The scholar who studies the Orient and specifically the Muslim Orient , the imaginitive writer who takes it as his subject, and the institutions which have been concerned with teaching it, settling it, ruling it, all have a certain representation or idea of the Orient defined as being other than the Occident, mysterious, unchanging and ultimately inferior.
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Table of Contents
Hard-headed colleagues listened to these abstractions with skepticism. Intellectuals in Europe went much further, pleading guilty to all the accusations levelled against them by Third World nationalists.
They and their predecessors had always been constant and enthusiastic critics of empire, and now were thrilled to have their diatribes against their own countries thrown back at them, as it were by clever students and disciples.
Violence committed by the ruled against the rulers won their applause. This attitude of opposition starts with the delight so widely expressed in Britain over the loss of the American colonies—even the conservative-minded Edmund Burke supported the colonists. Innumerable nineteenth- and twentieth-century writers treated whatever reflected badly on the imperial power as a running scandal—the Indian mutiny, the Governor Eyre episode in Jamaica, Denshawi in Egypt, Amritsar, the Arab revolts in Mesopotamia and Palestine, partition in India, and so on.
Following Marxism-Leninism, leftists everywhere took it for granted that imperialism was the ultimate by-product of capitalism, to be extirpated accordingly in the glorious and imminent world revolution.
Culture and Imperialism
Hobson, Bloomsbury and the New Statesman, Arnold Toynbee, and other opinion-makers all over Europe acquired reputations as they savaged not just the British but the Belgians in the Congo, the Dutch in Indonesia, the French in the Maghreb or Indochina. Jean-Paul Sartre and Frantz Fanon recommended the murdering of Frenchmen as a measure that Arabs owed themselves if they were to be free.
The week in culture. Recommendations from the editors of The New Criterion, delivered directly to your inbox. This incarnation of the myth of the Noble Savage overlooks, or carefully ignores, that imperialism brought far-flung peoples into contact with European languages, law, and culture, a necessary prerequisite if East and West were to meet on equal terms.
The United States is not an empire, but its intellectual elite has so resented its rise to the status of superpower that they have adopted the self-same contempt for their own country, now exemplifying the West as a whole. In these circles, the United States is depicted as guilty of unmitigated racism and imperialism, while also responsible for triggering the Cold War and a course of outrageous events from My Lai to Gitmo. In common with Sartre, Norman Mailer recommended murder as the key to personal freedom from racism.
Mary McCarthy, fresh from admiring Communist Hanoi under American attack but still enjoying royalties that paid for her large country house on Cape Cod, agreed with Hannah Arendt in their exchange of letters that they both would soon have to flee a fascist America.
Among many similar media stars, the likes of Noam Chomsky, Gore Vidal, and Michael Moore have proved as determined as their European counterparts to show everything to do with the West in as bad a light as possible, and everything to do with others in as good a light as possible.
Edward Said was an outstanding example of an intellectual who condemned the West root and branch while taking every advantage of the privileges and rewards it has to offer.
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In its dishonesty and exercise of double standards, his was truly a cautionary tale of our times. Born in Jerusalem in , he laid claims to be a Palestinian, dispossessed by Zionist Jews, and therefore an archetypal Third World victim. In sober fact, he was the son of an American father, a member of a prosperous Christian family with extensive business interests in Egypt.
Undoubtedly an intelligent and civilized man with one side of his personality, he became a professor of comparative literature at Columbia University. Yet with his other side, he wrote speeches for Yasser Arafat in the s, and was far and away the most vociferous advocate for the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Although he knew the history of persecution that lay behind Zionism, he could not accept Israel as anything but an injustice that had to be put right in bloodshed.
On the pretext of victimhood, but from the safety of New York, he urged others to kill and be killed. When Arafat professed falsely as it turned out to be willing to make peace with Israel, Said broke with him, insisting on armed struggle. At the end of his life, this professor of a subject within the humanities was photographed throwing a stone from Lebanese soil against the boundary with Israel.
The thesis was that every Westerner who had ever studied or written about the Middle East had done so in bad faith.
Edward Said died on the 25th of December in in New York. What is Orientalism? To discuss the question of Orientalism, it is helpful to look at the word itself and how Said uses and understands it.
Firstly, the word Orient itself has different meanings for different people. Said claims that Americans associate it more with the Far East China, Japan and for Europeans, the Orient rather signifiesthe region of the Middle East, as it is the the source of Europe's oldest and richest colonies.
In Orientalism, Said limits his explanations to the Middle East, "the set of questions to the Anglo-French- American experience of the Arabs and Islam, which for thousand years together stood for the Orient.
Anyone who teaches, writes about, or researches the Orient [ In this regard, Orientalism has an academic designation still of importance to many institutions.
According to Said, anyone writing about the Orient is called an Orientalist, and there is no further distinction made between historians, sociologists or philologists. The representation of Europe's others has been institutionalised by an academic discipline established from the beginning of the 18th century onwards that consists of an archive of knowledge, serving to maintain Western representations of the East, but unable to recognise its tendency towards doctrinaire assumptions, its specialised language and professionalism.
Said rejects such an academy that prefers speaking "to itself rather than to the world of everday life and ordinary need" Ashcroft What he criticises is the lacking connection of Orientalist texts produced by academics professionals and the real world.
It fails to acknowledge the possibility of political action in their theory. Any theory maintains a number of connections with the world: an English novel, for example, is not simply part of the works called "English Literature", it also has to be read in respect to its political, social and cultural context, because all of these features constitute the reality behind the world represented in the book.
Nowadays, the term "Area Studies" is preferred to "Oriental Studies" since the latter has a highly negative connotation and mirrors 19th and 20th century European colonial attitude. Said, however, is of the opinion that Orientalism lives on through its doctrines and theses about the Oriental.
Second: Related to this academic tradition, [ Orientalism is a style of thought based upon an ontological and epistemological distinction made between 'the Orient' and [ In the second part of what Orientalism actually is, Said detects the distinction between the Orient and the Occident. It is accepted like a given fact and seen as a starting point for theories, novels, social descriptions and political accounts by all kinds of European writers, such as economists, political theorists, philosophers, poets and novelists.
Taking into account Giambattista Vico's1 statement that men make their own history and that this is precisely what they can know, Said applies the very same notion to geography and culture: such entities are man-made Said Therefore the creation of the Orient is an idea with its respective history, tradition of thought and imagery that pretends a real Orient for and in the Occident. Behind the representation, there is a real Orient that is barely acknowledged by Orientalism for it is all Orientalism can do.
The process of creating binary opposites, the difference between Occident and Orient, empowers and enables the the West to "orientalise" meaning the creation of the Orient , a vast region accomodating a range of populations much larger and much more diverse than its counterpart.Overall rating 3. When Arafat professed falsely as it turned out to be willing to make peace with Israel, Said broke with him, insisting on armed struggle.
Advanced Search Links. Anjali Sachdeva. Constructing the Orient mirrors political attitude of the West best exemplified in imperial expansion in the 19th century.
Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Nationalist historians now concur, and even the more extreme among them are able to praise a figure like Lord Curzon for salvaging the monuments of India in his years as viceroy.